Poker is one of the gambling card games. The history of poker is over 500 years, and the game itself originated in Italy, Spain, France and Germany. However, it was very different from modern poker back then. Although the main principle of the game was preserved – to collect a better combination of cards than the opponent, winning the bank. Also an important element of the game was and is the bidding.
What cards do you use?
As for the deck of cards, it is most often used on 52 cards (four suits from two to ace). Although they can play decks of 32, 36 or 54 cards.
The format of the game of poker
Play poker, usually in the cardroom, online (online poker) or at home. In the first case these are clubs where poker players gather and play. They use the poker room to play online. You can also play poker at home with friends.
In poker room all the game takes place on the site with other players online. Each player in the poker room has his own account, in which he can access from any computer or mobile phone. The advantage of this format is that the player in poker can choose a table with the level of bets, play in your spare time in a convenient place.
In cardrooms it is important for participants to be physically present when it is possible to play live against an opponent, to resort to bluffing or other professional tricks. This can be done at home in a circle of friends.
The purpose of the game of poker
Poker has two main goals. The first is to play the combination at hand and win it. The game consists of several such handouts (as long as opponents have money in the bank, or desire to play). The second – more global – is to defeat rivals at the table, knocking them out one by one during the handouts. This means – to collect the maximum bank.
What are bids and trades in poker?
Each player starts the game with his own stack – this is the total number of chips that the player currently has in the game. It is the chips from his own stack that the player uses for betting – beta.
There are four biddings in Poker, during which players place their bets. They are called preflop, flop, thorn and River. During the bids a player can accept a bet (call, call), raise (raise, riz) or drop cards (fold, fund). A player who has dropped a card will be eliminated from the draw.
There’s another check. When checking, the player has the right to stay in the game (not to drop cards) without raising a bet, if no one has made a Paradise before. However, this is only possible during flop, tornado or river. If a player has made a check, the next player after that can also do so. Until one of the players has made a Rise. Then the other players will either have to accept the bet or drop the cards. Including those who made the check at the beginning.
At the end of each betting phase, when all players have made the same bet (or dropped cards), another card opens. And the bidding starts again. So up to the fourth round. After it comes a showdown, in which the players left with the cards open them. That is when the winner is determined – the player with the best combination of cards. Or the player who is left alone during the bidding (the other players have dropped the cards).
After the offline draw is over, players may withdraw from the game at any time before the next handoff by taking the available bankroll (bankroll is the amount of money in the player’s account that he uses to play poker). In poker tournaments, the game continues until a winner is determined at the table.
Between 2 and 10 people play poker. In the first case it will be a one-on-one game. Up to ten players at one table will usually gather during tournaments. Each of the players takes a seat at the table and cannot be changed during the game. And only then the game starts.
Who’s the dealer?
The dealer is an important player in the poker game. It is he who deals the cards and two players on his left hand bet small and big blinds (Small Blind and Big Blind). He is referred to as a separate chip “button”. In this case, the dealer can both participate in the hand and skip it. After the handout is complete, the dealer becomes the next player in a clockwise direction.
In online poker, the role of the dealer is a computer, and pass only chips small and large blinds.
Where does the game begin, using the example of Texas Holdem.
When all players have sat down at the table, the dealer is determined. To the left of it, the following two players make mandatory bets – small and big blind.
What are the mandatory bets and blinds (Small Blind and Big Blind)?
In order to make poker more active for the players, an ante – when all participants make a small deposit in the pot, or blinds – a mandatory bet before the handout. This is done to encourage players to win back the money they have put in, as well as to form an initial pot. There is a Small Blind and a Big Blind. They are both on the left hand of the dealer.
Conditionally, the Small Blind is 1 dollar in the distribution, the Big Blind is 2 dollars. Therefore, the following players who want to take part in the handout must already place a minimum bet – the same $2. The player with the small blind must compare previous bets (if they have not been raised – add only 1 dollar). At the next hand the small and big blinds move to the next players in a clockwise direction. And the player with the small blind becomes the dealer.
How the Poker game works.
After the players take their place at the gaming table, the dealer and blinds are determined. Before them put the appropriate chips.
All players start the game with their stack. This is the amount with which they will play. If it is poker in a circle of friends, it is usually the same for everyone (by agreement). In online poker it is determined by predetermined limits.
Even before the players place their bets (except for the small and big blind), the dealer hands in two cards for each player. These cards do not show their opponents and are called “pocket cards” or “hands”. The change itself is a preflop. Only when the cards are dealt do players place their bets – they respond to the big blind, raise the bet or drop the cards.
After the betting is finished, three more cards are placed on the table. They are open. It is with these cards on the table and “pocket” cards that the player can form combinations (which are the combinations in Poker – below).
Then the second round of bidding starts – flop. It is started by a player who was with a small blind. In this case, he can both make a rais or a fund, or just make a check. This is a variant where he stays in the game without raising a bet. The following players can make a check. However, if at least one of the players makes a bet (Rise), the other players will have to either respond (Call) or drop their cards one by one.
When the trades are over, the fourth card is placed on the table and the turn – the third round of trades starts. Players evaluate their chances of collecting combinations and bid in the same way as in the previous round of bidding. It is worth noting that at this time the player has six cards (two in hand, four on the table), but the combinations can consist of a maximum of five cards. Although the combination can also consist of two, three or four cards.
The last round of bidding is called a river. Before that the last card is laid out.
Showdown is the final phase of any poker hand, when the players remaining in the game open their cards and the winner is determined. The player who will make the best combination wins. If the strongest cannot be found (players have made up the same combination), they share the Pot that is on the table.
What are the combinations in poker?
The combination is the basis of poker. It is a set of five cards that each player collects in each hand to win.
Consider combinations from the strongest to the weakest:
- Royal flush: When a player manages to collect from 10 to ace of one suit.
- Straight-flush: When a player is able to collect five cards in a row of one suit.
- Kare (four of a kind): Four cards of the same value (for example, four kings).
- Full House: Three cards of the same merit and two other cards of the same value. For example, 2-2-2 and 7-7.
- Flush: Five cards of the same suit, but not the same order. For example, 2-5-6-9-D tambourines.
- Street: maps of different suits in order of importance. For example, 2-3-4-5-6.
- Three of a kind: Three cards of the same value. For example, 7-7-7.
- Two pairs: Two cards of the same value and two other cards of the same value. For example, 3-3 and 10-10.
- Pair (one pair): Two cards of the same value. For example, 4-4.
- Senior card or Kicker (high card) – the biggest card (this is when no one at the table could collect the combination, and then the player who has the highest card wins).
If the players have the same combinations, the one with the highest card wins. For example, a pair of three players older than a pair of two.